Since OpenAI released its blockbuster bot ChatGPT in November, users have casually experimented with the tool.
自从 OpenAI 于 11 月发布其轰动一时的 ChatGPT 以来，用户就开始试用了该工具。
To older millennials who grew up with IRC chat rooms — a text instant message system — the personal tone of conversations with the bot can evoke the experience of chatting online.
对于在 IRC 聊天室（一种文本即时消息系统）中长大的早一批千禧一代而言，与机器人对话可以唤起在线聊天的体验。
But ChatGPT, the latest in technology known as “large language model tools,” doesnt speak with sentience and doesnt “think” the way people do.
但是 ChatGPT 是被称为“大型语言模型工具”的最新技术，它不会用感知来说话，也不会像人们那样“思考”。
That means that even though ChatGPT can explain quantum physics or write a poem on command, a full AI takeover isnt exactly imminent, according to experts.
据专家称，这意味着即使 ChatGPT 可以解释量子物理学或写一首诗，人工智能的全面接管还为时太早。
Chat bots like GPT are powered by large amounts of data and computing techniques to make predictions to string words together in a meaningful way.
像 GPT 这样的聊天机器人由大量数据和计算技术提供支持，可以做出预测，以有实在意义的方式将单词串在一起。
They not only tap into a vast amount of vocabulary and information, but also understand words in context. This helps them mimic speech patterns while dispatching an encyclopedic knowledge.
Other tech companies like Google and Meta have developed their own large language model tools, which use programs that take in human prompts and devise sophisticated responses.
谷歌和 Meta 等其他科技公司已经开发了自己的大型语言模型工具，这些工具使用接受人类提示并设计复杂响应的程序。
OpenAI, in a revolutionary move, also created a user interface that is letting the general public experiment with it directly.
Recently, ChatGPT, a chatbot developed by OpenAI, went viral with related topics generating a lot of buzz.
类似ChatGPT一样的聊天机器人等人工智能工具可以迅速生成越来越复杂的书面内容，并已被用于执行各种任务。Chatbots and artificial intelligence tools like ChatGPT that can almost instantly produce increasingly sophisticated written content are already being used to perform a variety of tasks.
“用魔法打败魔法（Magic must defeat magic）”，ChatGPT到底会影响哪些职业？我们直接把这一问题抛给了ChatGPT。
Further on, it says, “…but it is likely that some tasks currently performed by people may become automated or streamlined by technology like me…”
Data entry and data processing
Customer service and support roles
(e.g., answering frequently asked questions)
Report writing and content generation
ChatGPT can write computer code to program applications and software. It can check human coders language for errors and convert ideas from plain English into programming language.
哥伦比亚商学院教授欧迪·内策尔（Oded Netzer）说：“如果只是把一个点子转化成代码，那完全可以由机器来做。因此在某种程度上，我们确实不需要那么多程序员了，它可能会抢走工作岗位。但它也将帮助那些编程人员发现代码中的错误，并更有效地编写代码。”“If you are writing a code where really all you do is convert an idea to a code, the machine can do that. To the extent we would need fewer programmers, it could take away jobs. But it would also help those who program to find mistakes in codes and write code more efficiently,” Netzer said.
内策尔也谈到，基于管理目的设置的电子邮件，例如安排或取消会议，也可以直接外包（outsource）给ChatGPT。Writing simple administrative or scheduling emails for things like setting up or canceling appointments could also easily be outsourced to a tool like ChatGPT, according to Netzer.
“Theres hardly any creativity involved, so why would we write the whole thing instead of saying to the machine, I need to set a meeting on this date,” he said.
麻省理工学院经济学家 大卫•奥特尔（David Autor）指出，AI可以接手一些中级白领的工作，例如撰写人力资源信函、广告文案和新闻稿。
David Autor, an MIT economist who specializes in labor, pointed to some mid-level white-collar jobs as functions that can be handled by AI, including work like writing human resources letters, producing advertising copy and drafting press releases.
“Bots will be much more in the realm of people who do a mixture of intuitive and mundane tasks,” he said. “There is no question that software will make them cheaper.”
创意产业也可能受到影响。世界上最大的广告和公关集团WPP的创始人苏铭天爵士（Sir Martin Sorrell）预测，五年之内公司决策和购买广告位（ad space）的方式将实现自动化。Creative industries are likely to be affected, too. Noted advertising executive Sir Martin Sorrell, founder of WPP, the worlds largest ad and PR group, said on a recent panel that he expects the way companies buy ad space will become automated “in a highly effective way” within five years.
他认为最大的改变是，机器能帮助公司“收集数据（pool the data）”，从而优化购买决策。
ChatGPTs abilities translate well to the legal profession, according to AI experts as well as legal professionals. In fact, ChatGPTs bot recently passed a law school exam and earned a passing grade after writing essays on topics ranging from constitutional law to taxation and torts.
常见的法律文书，例如房屋租聘协议（home lease agreements）、遗嘱和保密协议（wills and nondisclosure agreements），都是高度标准化的，可以由先进的机器人来起草。
“There are parts of a legal document that humans need to adapt to a particular situation, but 90% of the document is copy pasted,” Netzer said. “There is no reason why we would not have the machine write these kinds of legal documents.”语法填空OpenAI released an Optimizing Language Model for Dialogue named ChatGPT on November 30, 2022. Once it was 1. _______ (official) released, ChatGPT gained great attention and traffic, 2. _______ (cause) much discussion on online platforms.One of the key features of ChatGPT 3. _______ (be) its ability to generate human-like text responses to prompts (提示). This makes 4. _______ useful for a wide range of applications, such as providing responses to language 5. _______ (inquiry), or even creating personalized content for social media posts.The quality of the copy ChatGPT produces is sufficient 6. _______ (impress) teachers and researchers. “Young or not, we are 7. _______ (amaze) at how quickly and relevantly it responds,” said a teacher at a high school in France.Can ChatGPT be used for writing school papers? Many school districts are trying to figure out how to set policies on if 8. _______ how it can be used. The New York City education department said that it’s restricting access on school networks and devices because it’s worried about negative impacts 9. _______ student learning, as well as “concerns regarding the 10. _______ (safe) and accuracy of content.”
1.officially 2. causing 3. is 4. it 5. inquiries
6. to impress 7. amazed 8. and 9. on/upon 10. safety